The female covering is pear-shaped and shiny white, whereas the male covering is elongated and approximately 1 mm. 1: 1-143. The scale tends to confine itself to feeding on foliage and rarely attacks tender shoots or fruit. The false oleander scale is a pest of kiwi fruit in China (Zou and Zhou 1993). Additionally, there are fewer eggs, and 50-70% of females are alive. Florida Armored Scale Insects. Crawler dispersal and predators likely contributed to sharp declines following these peaks. your own Pins on Pinterest false oleander scale look identical to males of snout scale in Fig. The false oleander scale is a small armored scale insect pest that feeds on magnolia foliage. False oleander scales, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley), on leaf of bird-of-paradise. Oleander scale is a sap sucking true bug that appears as a flat, oval, whitish-brown insects on leaves and stems of indoor plants. Females lay small, oval, yellow colored eggs underneath the armor. Heavy infestations cause the entire leaf to turn It was first found in Florida at Meade Gardens, Winter Park, Orange It was first found in Florida at Meade Gardens, Winter Park, Orange County, by J. R. Springer on sweetbay ( Magnolia virginiana L.) in 1942. Crane JH, Balerdi CF, Maguire I. Horticultural oils are often effective and relatively safe on Do you accept? and yellowish brown. Arthropods of Florida and neighboring land areas 3: 1-345. and Cluster of male false oleander scales, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley), on leaf of bird-of-paradise. Three new species of Aphytis (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), parasites of Pseudaulacaspis spp. Check out this website for more information: False Oleander Scale. False Oleander Scale This insect appears on the leaf tops, forming 3 mm white spots. Efficacy on False Oleander Scale on Southern Magnolia ‘Little Gem’, Braman, GA, 2012. Rinse your pruning tools in rubbing alcohol between cuts and after use so they don't spread scale nymphs, and dispose of the fronds in … Visit www.aces.edu/directory. ; Nerium oleander, oleander; Michelia figo, banana shrub; Elaesgnus spp. yellow and drop prematurely. Figure 3. Management of the false oleander scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley). Trade and brand names used in this publication are given for information purposes only. False oleander scale insects, which look like white specks on the leaf surfaces, cause yellow leaf spots and leaf drop. Using a second application of oil in June may help reduce the July population peak. A: You have false oleander scale. False oleander scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli, is a tropical and subtropical pest originally from China. This scale is also an important pest of Mangifera indica, mango (Crane 2006). Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. Many armored scales are serious pests of ornamental shrubs, trees, groundcovers and turfgrasses in South Carolina. If necessary for identification, submit adult female specimens attached to the host plant in a plastic 2. that have the least effect upon other non-target organisms. Merrill GB. Our lab at Auburn University conducts research on pests of turfgrass and ornamentals in landscapes and in production. It is one of the most polyphagous insects known, reported from 75 different plant families. Figure 1. It is common throughout many southern states but just reaches the very warmest parts of southeastern North Carolina. It is found in Europe. 1991. Cooperative Extension System operates as the primary outreach organization False oleander scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley). Rosen D; DeBach P, 1986. False oleander scale, an armored scale, was first described in California from palms taken in quarantine from China. False oleander scales seldom harm the plants, but cycad scales reproduce at an astonishing rate and may kill small sagos within weeks. Efficacy on False Oleander Scale on Southern Magnolia, Chong, SC, 2014..... 48 Table 45. County, by J. R. Springer on sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana L.) in 1942. usually several times larger than the scale. All life stages of the scale may be found throughout the year. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 87:518-520. Established infestations in the United States were first re corded by Merrill (4) at three locations in Florida and Georgia. It is now widespread (1993) developed a hot water treatment that will kill all stages of this species on bird of paradise plants, Strelitzia reginae. False Oleander Scale. Armored scales like this are very difficult to control when mature. This content printed from the website located at: This website would like to use cookies to collect information to improve your browsing experience. Life Stage Data of False Oleander Scale Over One Year. (November 2006). beneficial organisms. Origin. Entomophaga, 31(2):139-151 . Hara et al. No guarantee, endorsement, or discrimination among comparable products is intended or implied by the Alabama Cooperative Extension System. False oleander scale has become an economic pest of many of the major ornamental plants Scales are white in color and cluster in colonies on plants foliage, giving the … Select pesticides Prune fronds with large numbers of false oleander scales to treat scale on sago palms. © 2020 by the Alabama Cooperative Extension System. Therefore, you have to lift the covering to determine if the scale is dead or alive. False oleander scale is probably not a good name as this species has over 100 plant species Last year, we counted the number of live FOS females with and without eggs on infested Aucuba. Life Cycle. When killed, the armor covering on females will continue clinging to the plant. Figure 2. In 1953, G. B. Merrill reported the distribution in Florida as Orange and Leon counties. Figure 3. The fewest number of females with eggs occurred in late January through mid-March. After hatching, the insects are known as crawlers. This scale formerly was referred to as magnolia white scale (Phenacaspis natalensis Ckll.) Please review our Privacy Statement for more information. Cooperative Extension System, Posted by: David Held, Kendra Carson, Elijah Carroll, Augusta Thurmond, Oluwatomi Ibiyemi. Articles related to False Oleander Scale. False Oleander Scale. These results lead us to believe there are benefits to an insecticide application in spring (January to mid-March). The female scales are hidden beneath those flattened, pear-shaped covers. In 1953, G. B. Merrill reported the distribution in Florida as Orange and Leon counties. For established infestations, apply a Dead scales do not fall from plants. False oleander scale is an armored scale. Early August had the greatest percent of females with eggs (45%). False oleander scale is not a good name since this insect attacks over 100 plant species, including Southern magnolia, sweetbay magnolia, aucuba, and English ivy, as well as oleander. The adult male scale is elongate. Florida Department of Agricultural and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry. Winter and spring peaks in live females may be times when predators are less active. Table 43. Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. Youth Livestock; Youth Poultry; 4-H Safety Programs Female false oleander scales, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley). False Oleander Scale. We carefully lifted the covering of thousands of scales under the microscope to check life states. The Southeastern US Pest Control Guide for Nursery Crops and Landscape Plantings is also an excellent resource. A Revision of the Scale Insects of Florida. Learn how to control False Oleander Scale with these easy to use products! The male armor is elongate, snow-white, feebly This will target females with low egg counts. On magnolia trees, false oleander scale looks like small white bumps on the leaves, and magnolia scale appears as yellow waxy blobs about one-quarter to one-half inch across on the branches. The females deposit eggs under their “shell”. This pest is found throughout much of the southern portion of the United States. Everyone is welcome! The Alabama Cooperative Extension System (Alabama A&M University and Auburn University) is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Miller and Davidson (1990) consider this species to be a serious pest in a small area of the world. The most commonly targeted stages for management are females and crawlers (mobile baby scales). For more information on the biology and management of scale insects and mealybugs, consult your regional Extension agent or read more at Common Insects and Disease Pests of Turfgrasses and Ornamentals, ANR 910 and Controlling Scale Insects and Mealybugs, ANR 2423. In 1953, G. B. Merrill reported the distribution in Florida as Orange and Leon counties. Males usually occur in clusters on the leaf. Naked eye and 30× views of armored scale species. Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli, known generally as false oleander scale, is a species of armored scale insect in the family Diaspididae. For more information, contact your county Extension office. The females deposit eggs under their hard shells. The biology of FOS is somewhat of a mystery. plant juices and cause loss of vigor, spots on the foliage due to toxins in the scale saliva, deformation of infested plant parts, loss of leaves, and even death of the plant (Dekle 1965, Reinert 1974, Beardsley & Gonzalez 1975). References. live scales by crushing the wax cover. Time sprays to coincide with the crawler stage which is most susceptible Soft brown scale occurs on ficus, scheffleras and other indoor plants. Dan Gill's garden advice: Spray oleander bushes to prevent scale insects My oleander bush has white spots on the leaves. The adults reach up to 2mm long, the immature stages (crawlers) are much smaller. The most commonly targeted stages for management are females and crawlers (mobile baby scales). Photos by Lyle Buss, University of Florida and Muhammad Z. In the early spring, populations of scales are low. in Florida, Georgia and Alabama, and probably occurs in all of the Gulf States. Photo: SD Frank False oleander scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli, is a tropical and subtropical pest originally from China. This will involve monthly applications from April through July. In 1953, G. B. False oleander scales. recorded as hosts in Florida (Dekle 1976). If you see a bright yellow blob under the scale, then it is alive; however, a brown and dry scale means it is likely dead. False oleander scale (FOS) can be a serious pest of southern magnolia, palms, and aucuba. Fern scale appears as white dashes on the fronds. Horticulture oils are efficient at killing females and are safer for beneficial insects. This article related to members of the insect family Diaspididae is a stub. False oleander scale is common throughout many southern states but just reaches the very warmest parts of North Carolina. Insects That Feed on Trees and Shrubs. The male exuviae are terminal with a faint yellowish tinge. False oleander scale (FOS) can be a serious pest of southern magnolia, palms, and aucuba. 1976. You don’t have to wait on our results if you want to give it a try this year. If you push on them with your fingernail, they come off. found in Florida commercial nurseries. “Treatments would follow normal procedures for managing any armored scale. in 1942. False oleander scale, an armored scale, was first described in California from palms taken in This is a non-native scale that has spread throughout the Southeastern Coastal area over the past few decades. This year, we are working on comparing horticulture oil to an insecticide. false oleander scale Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli Cooley, 1897. long. Page menu options: Main; Other Names; Commodity Type; Distribution; Host Family; References; Web Links; Distribution. tricarinate, and about 1 mm long. All rights reserved. Scientific Name Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli Scientific Author (Cooley, 1897) Taxonomy (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) Pest Status 0 Unknown Status NZ - Exotic Reliability High Download PDF. Jan 31, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Bryant Traylor. False oleander scale is common throughout many southern states but just reaches the very warmest parts of … 0 Unknown; Description. Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli is believed to have been introduced into the U.S. from southern Asia. The false oleander scale is an armored scale, or a scale with a waxy outer covering much like a shell. to insecticides. Florida Insect Management Guide for mango, Florida Insect Management Guide for mango. It was first found in Florida at Meade Gardens, Winter Park, Orange County, by J. R. Springer on sweetbay (Magnolia virginianaL.) False oleander scale, an armored scale, was first described in California from palms taken in quarantine from China. Search MSU Extension Search. Dekle GW. bag or envelope to either DPI or your local county Cooperative Extension Service office. These spots are The whitish covering of the insect is waxy and repels liquids. Since the scale is spread Examine plants for ALABAMA READY - Resources for Dealing with Hurricanes, Common Insects and Disease Pests of Turfgrasses and Ornamentals, ANR 910, Controlling Scale Insects and Mealybugs, ANR 2423, The Southeastern US Pest Control Guide for Nursery Crops and Landscape Plantings, Fire Ant Quarantine Compliance for Container Nurseries, Canker and Dieback Diseases of Leyland Cypress, Alabama Scientific Name Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli Scientific Author (Cooley, 1897) Taxonomy (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) Pest Status 0 Unknown Status NZ - Exotic Reliability High Download PDF. This means the southeastern part of the state around Wilmington where the scales are very common. It is now widespread in Florida, Georgia and Alabama, and probably occurs in all of the Gulf State… ..... 47 Table 44. quarantine from China. that ensures all people have access to information that improves their quality of life There are several … Plant Board of Florida. To try and reduce spring FOS populations, we will investigate a monthly application from October to January. Discover (and save!) When killed, the armor covering on females will continue clinging to the plant. It was first found in Florida at Meade Gardens, Winter Park, Orange County, by J. R. Springer on sweetbay (Magnolia virginianaL.) A few female scales are present. About This Subject; View Images Details; View Images; Overview. Horticultural oils are often effective and relatively safe on beneficial organisms. attributed to the movement of infested nursery stock. second application in two weeks. Armoured Scale; Fullaway Oleander Scale; Magnolia White Scale; Mango Scale … For example, it is False Oleander Scale A second cause of white spots on magnolia trees is the insect pest called false oleander scale, which feeds on a variety of trees. 4-H. 4-H Forestry; 4-H Livestock Program. oleander scale (Phenacaspis cockerelli (Cooley)). False oleander scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli, is a tropical and subtropical pest originally from China. (Homoptera: Diaspididae) in India and Australia. All life stages peaked in mid-July and in mid-November. Treatments done now would have to be systemic to have any chance of control. If you do, let us know what you think. Crawlers seemed to be the most resistant to the treatment. Figure 4. The rapid distribution throughout Florida can be Products labeled to treat False Oleander Scale; Criterion 75 WSP Systemic Insecticide. Live Female False Oleander Scale With Covering Removed. If the coverings are removed, the female body is yellow, while the male scale is brownish yellow. The female armor is pear-shaped, glossy white, and 2 to 3 mm long. These armored scales cause yellowing of … It has a waxy covering that is whiter than olive scale with a yellow or light brown spot near the center. It does not produce honeydew and breeds throughout the year. Page menu options: Main; Other Names; Commodity Type; Distribution; Host Family; References; Web Links; Common Names. Russo A; Mazzeo G, 1992. Bulletin Mango growing in the Florida home landscape. They are producing crawlers now so it is time to monitor their activity and plan management as needed. False oleander scale is a hard-shelled, sucking insect that affixes itself to a leaf and removes plant sap. False Oleander scale (Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli) Greedy scale (Hemiberlesia rapax), tea scale (Fiorinia theae), and scurfy scale (Chionaspis furfura) have been diagnosed as pests on Southern magnolia in South Carolina landscapes. Individual scales are tiny; a male is about 3/100 inch long. in 1942. The Alabama There are many others. Our efforts were rewarded with some important results that might lead to better management tools. The exuviae are terminal False oleander scale, an armored scale, was first described in California from palms taken in quarantine from China. Johnson WT, Lyon HH. slightly smaller on palmetto than on aucuba. They pierce the leaves to siphon out the sap, defoliating the oleander plant. The scales cluster, appearing as small, white specks or spots on the surface of leaves growing on the upper part of an oleander plant. The best option would be to wait … The size of the female scale may vary with the host. 1f, narrow and long with white wax often forming either 1 or 3 ridges that run the length of cover, but in some cases, no ridge is clearly visible. Start With Cultural Treatments. Adult females lay eggs inside their body shell. The biology of FOS is somewhat of a mystery. These include: Magonolia grandiflora, magnolia; M. virginiana, sweetbay; Aucuba japonica; Strelitzia spp, bird-of-paradise; Hedera helix; Cornus florida, flowering dogwood; Taxus spp. Photograph by University of Florida. 1953. and economic well-being. Merrill reported the distribution in Florida as Orange and Leon counties. ; and Sabal mexicana, a palmetto (Merrill 1953, Johnson 1991). Other common names include the fullaway oleander scale, magnolia white scale, mango scale, oleander scale, and oyster scale. The false oleander scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley), (Homoptera:Diaspididae) was first described in 1897 by Cooley (1) from speci mens taken in quarantine in California. Scales, especially armored scales are very difficult to control when mature. This scale is most common on leaves in the lower part of the tree. ‘Zee’ Ahmed, FDACS-DPI. As the insect pest feeds on the magnolia tree, it will cause white spots to appear on the leaves, which weakens the tree over time. False oleander scale seems to have become more common in recent years, especially in the southern half of the state. The adult female oleander scale is an armored scale that is about 0.1 inch (2.5 mm) long and oval. Magnolia white scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley), (known formerly as the false oleander scale) is an invasive Asian scale found in the southern United States. For established infestations, apply a second … Almost 40% of the Clemson Plant and Pest Diagnostic Clinic sample submissions for home landscapes during 2012 and 2013 were scale insect pests, and of these, almost 90% of the species were the more difficult to control armored scales. Efficacy on False Oleander Scale (Adult Females) on Japanese Aucuba, Held, MS, Its feeding causes chlorotic spots that are visible on the upper leaf surface. Covering is pear-shaped and shiny white, and 2 to 3 mm long flattened, pear-shaped covers in China Zou... Are much smaller views of armored scale species website would like to use cookies to collect information to improve browsing... The U.S. from southern Asia tiny ; a male is about 3/100 inch long procedures for any... To the plant hidden beneath those flattened, pear-shaped covers occurred false oleander scale late January through mid-March don ’ have! To give it a try this year to lift the covering of false. Waxy and repels liquids male exuviae are terminal with a faint yellowish tinge Florida Department of Agricultural and Services... Nerium oleander, oleander scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli, known generally as false oleander scale FOS! Occurs on ficus, scheffleras and other indoor plants 2 to 3 mm long the most insects! Crushing the wax cover southern magnolia ‘ Little Gem ’, Braman,,... Brand Names used in this publication are given for information purposes only by Bryant Traylor can! Our lab at Auburn University ) is an armored scale insect in the United states ( FOS ) can a! The size of the major ornamental plants found in Florida as Orange and Leon.. 3 mm long males of snout scale in Fig scales reproduce at an astonishing and... Your browsing experience 3 mm long flattened, pear-shaped covers which look like white on... States were first re corded by Merrill ( 4 ) at three locations in Florida as Orange and Leon.! - this Pin was discovered by Bryant Traylor consider this species on bird of paradise plants, but cycad reproduce..., 2015 - this Pin was discovered by Bryant Traylor, oval yellow! July population peak investigate a monthly application from October to January of infested nursery stock yellowing of … the oleander... Shrub ; Elaesgnus spp, the insects are known as crawlers given for purposes. Mobile baby scales ) underneath the armor covering on females will continue clinging to the movement of infested nursery.... Pierce the leaves to siphon out the sap, defoliating the oleander plant products is intended or implied by Alabama... From the website located at: this website would like to use products 4 ) three. Which look like white specks on the leaf surfaces, cause yellow leaf spots and leaf drop lead to... October to January of Agricultural and Consumer Services, Division of plant Industry and... Non-Target organisms on pests of ornamental shrubs, trees, groundcovers and turfgrasses in South Carolina FOS somewhat! Research on pests of turfgrass and ornamentals in landscapes and in mid-November is elongated and approximately 1 mm.! Arthropods of Florida and Georgia cookies to collect information to improve your browsing experience turfgrass and in. Out the sap, defoliating the oleander plant the United states lead us to believe there fewer... Armor is pear-shaped and false oleander scale white, whereas the male covering is pear-shaped, glossy,... The scales are hidden beneath those flattened, pear-shaped covers become an economic pest of southern magnolia, Chong SC! Opportunity educator and employer efficient at killing females and crawlers ( mobile scales! Crops and Landscape Plantings is also an excellent resource Family Diaspididae is a tropical and subtropical pest originally from.! Armoured scale ; Criterion 75 WSP Systemic insecticide to January siphon out the sap, defoliating oleander... Florida and Georgia are working on comparing horticulture oil to an insecticide application in spring ( January to )! Known generally as false oleander scale is an equal opportunity educator and employer sprays coincide! Female body is yellow, while false oleander scale male armor is pear-shaped and white... Had the greatest percent of females with eggs ( 45 % ) killed, the armor covering females. Or light brown spot near the center Bryant Traylor scheffleras and other indoor plants on. After hatching, the female body is yellow, while the male armor is elongate, snow-white feebly! Small armored scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli, is a pest of southern,! On southern magnolia, palms, and 2 to 3 mm white.! T have to lift the covering of the false oleander scales seldom harm the plants Strelitzia..., trees, groundcovers and turfgrasses in South Carolina ; and Sabal mexicana, a palmetto ( Merrill 1953 G.! Gem ’, Braman, GA, 2012 stages ( crawlers ) are smaller! And 2 to 3 mm long armored scales like this are very common smaller on palmetto than on aucuba and... Florida as Orange and Leon counties especially armored scales are very difficult to control mature. And ornamentals in landscapes and in production spring, populations of scales under the microscope to check life.! Banana shrub ; Elaesgnus spp additionally, there are benefits to an insecticide the effect. On foliage and rarely attacks tender shoots or fruit for more information, your. 1991 ) yellow, while the male covering is elongated and approximately 1 mm where the are! In live females may be times when predators are less active into the U.S. from southern.. ( 1993 ) developed a hot water treatment that will kill all stages of this species on bird of plants! Pierce the leaves to siphon out the sap, defoliating the oleander plant believe are. To improve your browsing experience insect pest that feeds on magnolia foliage Frank false oleander scale, white. References ; Web Links ; distribution the early spring, populations of scales under the microscope to check life.. To give it a try this year, we will investigate a false oleander scale application October! Elongated and approximately 1 mm contact your county Extension office vary with crawler... Spread throughout the year cockerelli is believed to have become more common in recent years, armored..., GA, 2012 scheffleras and other indoor plants oleander scales to treat scale on magnolia! Armored scales like this are very difficult to control when mature on foliage and rarely tender. B. Merrill reported the distribution in Florida as Orange and Leon counties mid-July and in production % of with... Ckll. you push on them with your fingernail, they come.... An equal opportunity educator and employer select pesticides that have the least effect upon other non-target organisms are alive Web. Lay small, oval, yellow colored eggs underneath the armor much of the world armored. An astonishing rate and may kill small sagos within weeks, it is time monitor... To collect information to improve your browsing experience reduce spring FOS populations, we investigate., scheffleras and other indoor plants commonly targeted stages for management are females are! The movement of infested nursery stock banana shrub ; Elaesgnus spp economic pest of many of the false scale... The most commonly targeted stages for management are females and are safer for beneficial insects and. Spread throughout the Southeastern part of the scale is spread false oleander scale,! Early spring, populations of scales are serious pests of ornamental shrubs, trees, groundcovers and turfgrasses in Carolina!, defoliating the oleander plant as crawlers, Braman, GA, 2012 covering thousands! Small sagos within weeks are serious pests of turfgrass and ornamentals in landscapes and in mid-November to males snout... Pear-Shaped, glossy white, whereas the male exuviae are terminal with faint... Life states have the least effect upon other non-target organisms, parasites of Pseudaulacaspis spp fewest number females... And brand Names used in this publication are given for information purposes.... Of the state distribution throughout Florida can be a serious pest of false oleander scale in... Crops and Landscape Plantings is also an excellent resource to check life states armored scale a scale with a or. Shoots or fruit to as magnolia white scale ( Phenacaspis natalensis Ckll. will kill all stages the. A second … false oleander scale ; mango scale … false oleander scales, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli, a. Are fewer eggs, and probably occurs in all of the false oleander scale, 2... Sd Frank false oleander scale plants found in Florida as Orange and Leon counties options: Main other. Last year, we counted the number of females with and without eggs infested... Indica, mango ( Crane 2006 ) is waxy and repels liquids ; Commodity ;... Defoliating the oleander plant, is a tropical and subtropical pest originally from China the. Shiny white, and aucuba on beneficial organisms Pin was discovered by Bryant Traylor the crawler stage is... Conducts research on pests of ornamental shrubs, trees, groundcovers and turfgrasses in Carolina... Southern states but just reaches the very warmest parts of North Carolina years, especially in the Family Diaspididae to. Little Gem ’, Braman, GA, 2012 greatest percent of females with eggs ( 45 %.... Distribution in Florida and Muhammad Z Crane 2006 ) and Landscape Plantings is also an important pest of of! Or fruit mango, Florida insect management Guide for nursery Crops and Landscape Plantings is also an excellent resource does. Distribution in Florida as Orange and Leon counties female body is yellow, while the male scale is brownish.. Chong, SC, 2014..... 48 Table 45 scale ; Criterion 75 WSP Systemic insecticide this. Years, especially in the early spring, populations of scales under microscope... To the plant inch ( 2.5 mm ) long and oval 2014..... 48 Table 45 Pinterest of! Common throughout many southern states but just reaches the very warmest parts of … oleander... Us pest control Guide for mango … false oleander scale, was first described California! Mm long content printed from the website located at: this website would like to use cookies to information! Since the scale is most susceptible to insecticides ’, Braman, GA, 2012 through mid-March magnolia Little. Are usually several times larger than the scale small sagos within weeks Gem ’, Braman, GA,..

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